Drink coffee with a clear conscience, without sacrificing enjoyment: pour-over coffee makes it possible. And the best thing about it: We don’t need a high-end fully automatic machine or ecologically questionable coffee capsules for the preparation, just a hand filter, a filter bag, and of course coffee – we’re ready to go. We give you 10 practical tips for the perfect pour-over coffee.
What is a pour-over coffee-making method?
Freshly roasted, high-quality coffee beans are carefully weighed, ground, and then poured with water at exactly the right temperature – filter coffee has long since lost its image as disdainful, bitter office rot. Where once Grandma’s rattling old-school coffee machine was used, the “modern” filter coffee is brewed by hand.
The preparation is almost like a small ceremony. From the correct roasting of the beans, the degree of grinding, the brewing temperature, or the speed at which the water is poured over the coffee – nothing is left to chance here.
An effort is worthwhile: The manual brewing method not only reduces the acidity of the coffee, but the aromas also come into their own. And best of all: Sustainable coffee, like filter coffee, has a really good ecological balance.
What is needed for pour-over coffee making
The right coffee accessories include:
- A coffee grinder
- A hand filter
- Filter paper
- A kitchen scale
- A coffee pot
Grinding the coffee for pour-over method
Regardless of whether it is old or new: A crucial point in making good coffee is freshly grinding the beans for the coffee, because this way, the aroma is retained for much longer.
The grinding degree also has a significant influence on the taste of your coffee. Because whether the so-called coffee grounds are finer or coarser determines whether your coffee is either too bitter or simply tasteless.
The following rule applies when grinding your coffee: If the coffee is too strong or bitter, then the coffee powder is too fine.
The solution: set the grind to a coarser level. If the coffee tastes too thin or sour, the coffee is ground too coarsely. Solution: Adjust the grind to a finer level.
The grinding degree depends primarily on how long the coffee stays in contact with the water. The longer this process takes, the more aromas are released from the coffee powder.
A medium grind is usually recommended for pour-over coffee. For the preparation of espresso in a coffee machine, you should use fine ground coffee, as the contact with the water is very short.
How much coffee do you need for pour-over?
The dosage of the coffee is and will of course remain a matter of taste. However, if you want the result of your filter coffee to be right, it is advisable to match the ratio of water and coffee powder to one another.
A typical proportion is the rule 6 to 100, i.e. six grams of coffee to 100 milliliters of water. If you want to make a cup of 200 milliliters of coffee now, you should fill your filter with 12 grams of coffee.
By the way: if you don’t have scales, you can also make estimates. One tablespoon of coffee beans is roughly equivalent to six grams of coffee.
Boiling water for pour-over coffee
The right water temperature also has an important influence on the end result. The devil is in the details: The water for filter coffee shouldn’t boil.
The optimal temperature here is around 96 degrees. You can get this if you let the boiling water stand open for about 2-3 minutes or add a dash of cold water.
Which filter do I need for making pour-over coffee?
Before the actual brewing process starts, you should rinse the filter paper with hot water. The reason for this is that the coffee filter loses its own taste. It also has the good side effect that the cup or jug is preheated before. The steps are:
- Fill the filter with coffee & moisten it
- Pour coffee into the filter
- Moisten with coffee with water before pouring
Before the coffee goes into the paper filter, you should of course dump out the water that you previously used to rinse through. Then fill the ground coffee into the coffee filter.
You can smooth the surface of the coffee powder by gently moving the filter. Now add a “shot” of hot water until the coffee powder is completely covered. This has the effect that the coffee “blossoms”, that is, it swells up slightly and can really develop. This process should take about 30 seconds.
Then you can fill the hand filter with the rest of the water, slowly and in circular movements. The reason for this is that the ground coffee is always evenly poured with water.
Let coffee run through
Patience is not just a virtue, it is also a requirement when making pour-over coffee. But it won’t be long before you can finally enjoy your coffee.
After about three minutes of waiting, your coffee should be completely drained. Now the coffee only has to cool down until it has reached a comfortable drinking temperature.
And then it is there: the time to enjoy. Preferably black and pure. Why? Black coffee not only contains a higher amount of antioxidants that protect the body but also has positive effects on cell renewal, the heart, the liver, diabetes, and lipid metabolism. Compared to the popular latte macchiato or cappuccino, black coffee has no calories at all.
Conclusion on sustainable pour-over coffee
Just give it a try to prepare your coffee with a hand filter. And when buying beans, make sure they are of good quality: you are guaranteed to find a suitable type of coffee in a coffee roastery. When buying, look out for the Fairtrade logo, which stands for sustainable and fair coffee cultivation.