Coffee brewing methods

5 Coffee Brewing Methods Everyone Should Know

When someone asks you for a cup of coffee, do you immediately have a lot of follow-up questions in mind? Light or dark roast? Mocha pot or French press?   They are so deep in the “coffee-verse” that a cup of coffee can mean so many different things. And the best coffee to use is related to the brewing method you choose.

Here are the 5 most popular brewing methods

1. Mocha pot coffee brewing method

The brewing method with a mocha pot is the gentler version of the espresso method. It is gentler on the coffee.

Like an espresso machine, the pressure of the steam forces the water through the perfectly ground coffee, but at a much lower pressure. That doesn’t mean the taste is smooth, though. On the contrary, coffee from the mocha pot has a strong taste. It may lack the crema that an espresso typically has, but it’s a good alternative if you’re craving a sturdy coffee and don’t have a large, expensive espresso machine on hand.

Our tips for the mocha pot brewing method:

  • Fill your mocha pot with hot water instead of cold
  • Remove the pot from the stove when the coffee is almost ready (when you hear the nice sound of the coffee bubbling to the top)
  • Pour into a mug immediately after brewing to avoid scorching

Coffee brewing methods: mocha pot

2. French Press coffee brewing method

The French Press is a great invention when it comes to simplicity – a glass container with a plunger/filter that separates the ground coffee from the water by slowly pressing down. And it just looks great, doesn’t it?

You might have guessed it: French press is a French invention from the 1800s. Read more about the French press in our article.

Preparation is as easy as it looks (provided you grind your coffee correctly): Pour hot water over the ground coffee and let it steep for 3 to 5 minutes. Then you can start pushing the filter down (but slowly and with even pressure).

This is a versatile brewing method. Small differences can create completely different flavors and the secret lies in the grind size. Make sure you use a coffee with a medium grind, too coarse a grind will clog the filter and too fine a grind could get through or past the filter and into the coffee.

Our tips for the French press method:

  • Use a medium-coarse ground coffee
  • Let the coffee steep for between 3 and 5 minutes
  • Serve immediately after steeping

Coffee brewing methods: French press

3. Pour over coffee brewing method

The V60, more commonly known as the pour-over brewing method may seem like a science project, but don’t let the seemingly tricky method intimidate you.

It is a classic of manual brewing which, if prepared well, delivers a finely flavored coffee that allows all the flavor elements to develop on the palate.

This method uses the V60 filter and a cup/decanter.

First, grind and weigh your coffee. While a scale is recommended for all of the brewing methods on this list, it’s your best friend, especially with the V60 method. You’ll be glad you did a precise job once you taste the end result.

Put a paper filter in the top part of the V60. We recommend wetting the paper, filter, and decanter before adding the coffee. Then pour the perfectly ground coffee into the filter. Pour a measured amount of water over the ground coffee and let it swell in a circular motion – this is what is known as blooming. You can then gradually pour in the remaining water. Then swirl the decanter a little and enjoy your first sip.

Coffee brewing methods: pour over

The pour-over method is a process that requires patience and precision to execute correctly. You should measure the amount of water and coffee you add several times during the process, letting the coffee sit in between.

But you will be rewarded with a coffee with an amazing variety of aromas.

Our tips for the pour-over method:

  • Choose a light roast
  • Your grind should be comparable to that of brown sugar
  • When blooming, add a little water and wait 30-40 seconds, add the rest of the water and wait another 50 seconds. Don’t let it steep for more than 1:30 minutes.
  • When you’re done blooming, rock your V60 from right to left, then top to bottom. Repeat this three times. This creates an even and flat structure on the surface.
  • Remember: every gram of coffee absorbs 2 grams of water. Be extremely precise when dosing.

Coffee brewing methods: espresso

4. Espresso coffee brewing method

This is the most common way of brewing in a coffeehouse, but few choose this method at home as it requires a large, expensive machine.

Hot water is forced under high pressure through a layer of compact, finely ground coffee in a portafilter. This gives you an intense, concentrated coffee with lots of body and taste.

Our tips for the espresso method:

  • Use finely ground coffee
  • Distribute the ground coffee evenly in your portafilter and press firmly until well compacted.
  • The extraction should take between 20 and 30 seconds.
  • The recommended ratio is 1:2 (one part ground coffee equals two parts espresso).

5. Aeropress coffee

This method only came about in 2005, when Stanford professor Alan Adler invented the device used to perform it – the Aeropress. Coffee lover Adler came up with this idea because he wanted to find a way to make coffee with a great taste without acidity and bitterness.

Since then, Aeropress championships have sprung up and the scalding method has become a cult object. This may have something to do with the fact that it is one of the most versatile brewing methods out there!

Coffee lovers experiment with different temperatures, coffee grinds, and methods to create the perfect Aeropress brew.

Not only does the Aeropress have a cool origin story, but it also produces a superb, smooth, low-acid cup of coffee.

Coffee brewing methods: aeropress

The Aeropress works by air pressure. You put your ground coffee in an Aeropress with hot water and use a piston to force the trapped air down into the brewing chamber. This forces the water through the coffee and paper filter into the cup.

The nice thing about this device is that it hardly needs cleaning and is relatively easy to use. Oh, and it also makes amazing coffee!

Our tips for Aeropress preparation:

  • Use the reverse method – turn your Aeropress upside down and submerge the coffee grounds in the water for an extended period of time.
  • The ideal brewing time should be between 2 and 3 minutes.
  • Try the bypass method – brew a concentrated Aeropress coffee and add hot water.

The right degree of grinding is everything

As mentioned in the tips above, the grind of your coffee affects the flavor and you should adjust it according to your preferred brewing method. Learn more about coffee grinding tips in our article.